Student engagement online: when a course is ran like a company

Contributors: Vanja Piljak, Khuram Shahzad, Shah Shakeel, Shiva Sharma, Johannes Sumuvuori, Binod Timilsina Online learning has become an important part of the contemporary academic setup (Kim and Bonk, 2006). The use of technology has made it possible to adapt to this change at an unprecedented scale (Moore et al. 2011). A number of factors such … Continue reading Student engagement online: when a course is ran like a company

Variation theory

Applications on different disciplines Harri Aarnio*, Leonardo Espinosa^, Jason Finch*, Henrik Grénman*, Ignat Kulkov* and Marco Svensson La Rosa* ​ *Åbo Akademi University & ^Arcada University of Applied Sciences​ emails:,,, and   Theoretical background​ Variation theory is a theory of learning and experience that explains how a learner might come to … Continue reading Variation theory

Enabling online group collaboration

This poster presentation is about how to enable online collaboration in digital course. We utilize the five stage model. And we provide a plan for a example course. Introduction – Background for the students Our example course is intended mainly for adult students with working experience. This means that when following Stary’s (2009: 227) idea, … Continue reading Enabling online group collaboration